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North Dakota Eclectics

Cheyennes
Cheyennes

Prior to 1700, the Cheyennes were living between the Red River and the Mississippi River in Minnesota. As was the case with many other tribes, they were driven out by the Sioux. They moved into North Dakota, establishing a village on the Sheyenne River, about twelve miles east of the current location of Lisbon. As far as it is known, there was only the one village of Cheyenne in North Dakota. Although the spelling differs, the Sheyenne River was named for the Cheyenne tribe. They lived there, in what is now Scoville Township, Ransom County, until about 1740, when they were again driven from their home by the Sioux.

The Sioux drove them further westward, to the Missouri River, where they established a new village near the current site of Fort Yates. They were an agricultural tribe, who also made pottery, for their own uses and for trade. They became friendly with the Mandans and Hidatsas, who lived nearby. Still, the Sioux drove them further, both south and west, into South Dakota, after having resided in North Dakota for approximately a century. In South Dakota, they became nomadic, depending almost entirely on buffalo for subsistence. As the Americans moved further west, they were eventually moved to Cheyenne reservations in Oklahoma and Montana.

Of Interest