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North Dakota Eclectics

Late Woodland
Late Woodland (600 A.D. - 1851 A.D.)

The culture of the people who followed the Middle Prehistoric period was much like that of the Early and Middle Woodland periods. For that reason it is known as the Late Woodland period.

The people of this period still raised crops, gathered wild foods, and hunted deer and buffalo, but they spent more time fishing than those of the Early and Middle Woodland periods.

Some burial sites and buffalo jump sites found in North Dakota are thought to have been from the people of the Late Woodland people. A buffalo jump site is a place where hunters would drive buffalo off a cliff or steep embankment, where they would be killed or crippled.

Late Woodland people used pots with round bottoms, designed to be hung over a fire rather than placed on the coals. Small triangular points have also been found from this period, which were likely used on arrows, as the bow and arrow were commonly used by people in this period.

It is thought that the people who resided in North Dakota during this time were the ancestors of the Mandan people, although other Late Woodland people who moved into the region during this period included the Sioux (Dakota), who were pushed west onto the plains, where they became nomadic, as well as the Chippewa, who continued the Woodland lifestyle.

Of Interest